• Linear regression in python: across time dimension for every lat lon grid (Oct 13, 2018)

We will write a linear trend function for the 3-dimensional data set. The function will take input variable with [time, lat, lon] dimensions and gives output as 2-dimensional trend [lat, lon] and the p-value of the trend [lat, lon]. We can also define a significance value in function input (i.e. 0.05). If we input the significance value, output linear trend will be still in 2 dimensions with nan values in insignificant grid points (i.e. lower than 95% ).

Once we defined the function we can use it to calculate and plot the trend of a 3-dimensional variable [time, lat, lon]. For example, if we use annual mean sea level pressure era-interim reanalysis data of 39 years (1979-2016) to find a trend per year, we can use the script as:

from numpy import *from scipy import statsfrom netCDF4 import Dataset as nc

def l_trend(var,lon,lat,time,sig=False): nlon=len(lon) nlat=len(lat) nt=len(time) vart=zeros(nlat*nlon) varp=zeros(nlat*nlon) if len(var.shape)== 3: var=reshape(var,(nt,nlat*nlon)) print('l_trend: assuming variable as 3D [time,lat,lon]') for i in range(nlat*nlon): v=var[:,i] vart[i], intercept, r_value, varp[i], std_err=stats.linregress(time,v) vart=reshape(vart,(nlat,nlon)) varp=reshape(varp,(nlat,nlon)) #return (vart,varp) else: raise ValueError('Variable shape is not 2D or 3D. plese instert variable in this format var[time,lat,lon] or var[time,lon*lat]') if sig==False: return (vart, varp) else: for i in range(nlat): for j in range (nlon): if varp[i,j]>sig: vart[i,j]=nan return (vart, varp)

# after reading the SLP file
# dimension
# Here my SLP data is in monthly time dimension. #I will take average over the months to make yearsmo=12yr=ntime//moyear=linspace(1979,2017,39)

slp=reshape(slp,(yr,mo,nlat,nlon))slp=(nanmean(slp,1))/100 # taking mean over month diension, and making Pa to hPa by dividing 100
# Now lets calculate linear trend pr year
slp_trend, slp_p=l_trend(slp,lon,lat,year)

Now if we plot the slp_trend hPa per year we get a plot like below:

If we want the show only 95% significance trend of grid points we can write the l_trend function as

slp_trend, slp_p=l_trend(slp,lon,lat,year,sig=0.05)

Slp_trend plot will be in this case: